3. Open Defecation
The culture of open defecation in Terai is widely accepted because of bordering country India where 52% of the world’s population openly defecate. 26 million people in Nepal have access to toilets. However, 9 million people, 40% of the population, still don't have access, according to World Bank's report. In parts the Terai or lowland areas, this number goes up to 75%. Government of Nepal has achieved remarkable progress in improving sanitation coverage in the last two decades. In 1990, only 6% of Nepalese had access to a toilet. By 2011, 62% had access, with the sanitation Millennium Development Goal (MDG) achieved ahead of the 2015 target. However, that achievement still leaves a large population—more than nine million people—without toilets. So the Government decided to aim for a new and more ambitious target—universal access by 2017.
Terai is the most vulnerable area of open defecation practices in Nepal. An application could be used to verify pre and post Open Defecation certification in Terai which will improve the government’s monitoring system of pre and post Open Defecation declaration in Village Development Committees.
Examples can be SMS surveying tools: frontline SMS, GeoPoll, etc. One verification would be to reach household through child clubs and they will enter data on household toilets using proxy indicators, to see whether toilets have odour and look used. Take a picture with Geographic Information System (GIS) installed mobile phone. GIS installed phones will automatically record date, time and location of household toilets and send data to the Water, Sanity, and Hygiene (WASH) Coordination Committee (Village, District, and Municipality) and even create a map of toilets in Terai districts.
Download the team registration form for ChildApp Appathon here ! - See more at: http://www.micnepal.org/EventsActivities/ChildApp.aspx#sthash.zNywti23.dpuf
Download the team registration form for ChildApp Appathon here !