MIC Director:
Allen Bailochan Tuladhar

MIC Manager:
Junu Thapa

Web Assets


Problem Statement for CityApp

            App that shows what time and where garbage collection takes place

Summary: Pollution, a most discussed topic in Nepal, has been considered as a bigger threat to the mankind and other living beings. Rapid population grown and the increasing industrialization are considered to be the major causes of pollution. Garbage left in the streets and thrown in the riverbanks haphazardly are another ways of air and soil pollution. This poses extreme health hazards to the surrounding people.  Only about 19% of urban households including the low-income households have their trash collected by waste collectors. After the garbage collection, such trash are then accumulated in piles in the nearest vacant lands or sometimes even in the side of the river. Only about 70% of trash is organic material while 20% of them is other recyclable materials like paper, plastic and metal. The data shows that 90% of the waste could be recycled than just being dumped. This shows that there is a great need of collecting the garbage properly and recycling for the betterment of mankind and the other living beings.

Problem Statement: Since the garbage collection system is not well managed in Kathmandu, people dispose the garbage wherever possible mostly in the drainages or the river banks. This has led to huge environmental pollution deteriorating the health of mankind and the other living beings. Due to the lack of knowledge of disposing the wastages, people trash the garbage in a way they want. We can see garbage all around Kathmandu city including in the roads, play grounds, parks and even in hospitals. People throw the garbage without realizing that it is affecting their own health and will deteriorate the future generation’s living standard.

Need Statement: There is a need of an application that tells people where to dispose the garbage and at what time. The application will let people know where the garbage should be disposed within the time limit. People will be allowed to report if they see garbage outside their neighbors’ houses. Government should then penalize the house owner if it is found that garbage is kept outside haphazardly. Certain area will have certain place to throw away their garbage and people have to abide by the rules and laws strictly. One house could report about haphazard disposal of wastages. They would be rewarded from the government for reporting as an incentive to encourage people to keep reporting the misuse of the rules and regulations. The rules should be such that people are only allowed to dispose the garbage at certain place. The garbage should be separated. For instance, the recycling materials like papers, plastics, iron, tins and others should be in a separate baggage while the waste food items that could be turned as organic disposal should be in a separate baggage so that it would be easier to collect for the garbage collectors. The government should then be able to recycle the ones possible and dump the unnecessary wastages in a safe place, away from residential areas.

Impact statement: Proper garbage collection reduces the amount of trash that eventually ends up in landfills. If such wastages are collected properly and recycled, it substitutes as a raw material. Recycling requires less energy for the production and then such products are cheaper than the products made from raw materials. The trash would then turn to cash.

Informal Waste Workers’ Data



In Kathmandu valley, waste management is an ever growing challenge and we have not been able to solve it through the municipalities’ efforts alone. Denizens are not aware with the numbers of informal workers working in solid waste sector in these areas and they are working with fear from public and the public has not given due respect for the works they have been doing to support the waste management of the city. Neither they are respected nor are they able to handle the waste collection that has been generated in the city. They are blamed, harassed, and disrespect through the people even they are contributing for the solid waste management of the city. So, information of the recyclable wastes like paper, plastics, metals, rubbers, etc that have been generated in the households, communities and municipalities which has been indirectly sold or given away to them as a part of waste management in the city and this is in need to be documented and acknowledged to all.

Problem Statement:

The information on amount of waste collected and segregated by the informal waste workers has not been shared to the general public, and nor the government has its record. As a result they are mistreated and their role is hugely undermined despite the fact that they are actually cleaning our cities for us.

Need Assessment:

It has been estimated that 10 to 15 thousand informal waste workers are working in the nation and CIUD has been in contact with more than 7 thousand informal waste workers (IWWs) working in the Kathmandu valley.

Neither the IWWs' lifestyle has been improved nor has the perception of the people changed. So we should document the detailed data of collection and segregation works carried out by the informal waste workers. An App which will help consolidate these data and provide information to the general public is seen required. If this could be updated from the applications, then people’s involvement/interest in solid waste management will increase and the government/municipalities can mobilize their resources accordingly for better solid waste management.

If the application can update the information from households or communities, collection points or transfer stations - as segregated data, the concerned organization can support and mobilize their resources for proper waste management in the city.

Impact Statement:

When the citizens and the government official use these applications, the amount of waste will be self managed, reduce, and even the generated waste could be handled safely in proper way. Citizens will be able to breathe in clean air and simultaneously IWWs will also get respect as the agent of this change.


Vital Registration

Solid Waste Management



Kathmandu, the capital and the only metropolitan city of Nepal, is the most important political, commercial and industrial urban center that faces numerous challenges in managing urban development and providing basic services to the swarming population. The decade long armed conflict displaced millions of people from their villages to cities and urban centers. Similarly, due to pull factor rural population migrated to urban centers in search of employment as well as education and other income generating activities. Data from the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) 2011 shows that the population of Kathmandu district alone increased from 1.08 million in 2001 to 1.74 million in 2011. This has created enormous challenges in delivering urban services to the people by the municipalities. One major challenge faced by Kathmandu includes administrative challenges related to vital registration such as birth, marriage, migration, divorce and death registrations and documentation due to massive demographic shift in the Kathmandu Valley. Similarly among various utility services, solid waste management services have been a major concern and a recurring issue for Kathmandu as well as the municipalities nearby.


Problem Statement:

Kathmandu faces challenges in vital registration due to massive shift in the demography. Many citizens might not have information regarding this because of various reasons such as bureaucratic, time consuming and complicated process, red tape, lack of awareness and so on. Likewise, another major problem of Kathmandu is proper management of solid waste. The main problem caused by municipal solid waste is on public health and the environment. Likewise, air and water pollution are also the consequences of improper management of wastes that has exacerbated the quality of air, drinking water and sanitation.  The decomposition of organic waste in landfills produces a gas which is composed primarily of methane, a greenhouse gas contributing to climate change. In order to know about carbon emission sources, The Municipal Association of Nepal (MuAN) and the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI) had conducted a study on Kathmandu Metropolitan City and Lalitpur and Pokhara Sub-metropolitan Cities in June 2009.  As per the study, the main sources of carbon emission in these three municipalities were transport (31%), industrial (27%), residential (22%), commercial (11%) and others (9%).


Need Statement:

The citizens of Kathmandu need proper application for downloading forms related to vital registrations and to know about the procedures that would discourage time consuming processes and administrative complications.  Likewise, citizens need to know about waste management services such as collectiontransportprocessing or disposal, managing and monitoring of waste materials. A cost effective and a people/user friendly application that allows citizens to report or file complaint regarding waste collection should be developed for the Kathmandu Valley.  Citizens should be able to email text or share photos and/or GPS coordinates with the government when they see waste collection not being done properly in their households and communities. This could really help citizens coordinate with the government and make their communities clean and green.


Impact Statement:

When citizens and government use these applications, they will have ease in vital registration. Likewise, municipal solid wastes will be collected and managed properly. As a result, citizens will have clean and healthy communities they deserve and the impact of solid wastes on public health and the environment will be dramatically reduced.




Microsoft Innovation Center Nepal
Unlimited Technology P Ltd
Unlimited Building, PO Box 956, Khichapokhari, Opp Pashupati Plaza, Kathmandu
Tel: +977 1 2011302 / 2011303 / 2010311
Fax: +977 1 4255454

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